10th BCS - SESSION III
Combating Terrorism, Insurgency and Naxalism: Causes & Challenges
Uday Samant –
The speaker started by extolling the virtues of patriotism and quoted an anecdote which is about why programs in India must start with the national anthem. He further states that knowledge and education are excellent tools to fight terrorism with, particularly cyber terrorism, which can be easily defeated by understanding the technology. He further goes on to stress the importance of sports and how campuses should ban alcohol, smoking and ragging, thereby ensuring a better prospect for the students to learn and engage in sporting activities. He lauded the Karad family for already implementing these measures in the MIT campus. He requested students from across India to visit Maharashtra and witness the excellent teaching standards and facilities offered by MIT for their students. He lauded the MIT – SOG initiative as well.
Arif Mohammad Khan –
The learned speaker started by thanking the assembled dignitaries and then by lauding the BCS initiative undertaken by Rahul Karad. He then spoke about the issue at hand, namely terrorism and Naxalism which he believes are synonyms with a desire to demotivate and dominate those affected by it. He believes that the evolution of civilization necessitates that the world embrace democracy, but this is not so due to the present of these threats to democracy. He goes on to extol the virtues of Indian democracy and how we are one of the few nations to embrace its ethos after gaining independence. He also claims that from children before gaining our independence, the republic has guaranteed that we are now adults post-independence. To eliminate the evils of terrorism we must embrace education and secularism as well as securing jobs for all. Employment is one of the biggest tools in the defence against terrorism. He urges everyone to participate in politics keeping in mind the Indian tradition of doing so selflessly.
Surjya Narayan Patro –
The honourable speaker began by ensuring that the audience understands the different types of terrorism prevalent in our nation presently. One, is Islamic terrorism, which is not confined to India and the other is Maoism, which is presently confined to the Indian subcontinent. He relates the origins of Maoism to be due to the efforts of Marxism as well as the oppressive capitalism in Europe during the 18th and 19th century. He spoke about wealth inequality in czarist Russia as well. He believes that wealth’s equitable distribution is key to defeating Maoism and that education is key to defeating Islamic terrorism. This is something that will occur in India if we listen to the tenets of Mahatma Gandhi whose philosophy of simple living and nonviolence can be the perfect counterpoint to defeating all forms of terrorism in India. He also speaks about the power of Indian democracy and how it is an effective format for dialog between people as well as progress.
Sister Shivani –
Sister Shivani from the Brahmo Samaj had a very unique take on the topic to be discussed. She did not go into the causes of terrorism nor its ramifications or its countermeasures. Rather, she appealed to the inherent goodness among individuals with a stress on the traditional values that the Indian culture holds firm, namely the pursuit of peace and harmony. The sister asked for the audience to close their eyes and envision a violence free and harmonious country. Then she asked the people to understand what they would do to achieve that. She touched upon depression, with India being ranked as the foremost depressed nation on earth and mused upon the paradox of it considering this is the land of meditation and yoga. She believes that a good education, with emphasis on our culture along with a firm desire within people to effect change in our environment as the factors that will effectively combat terrorism, not by concentrating on the desire to eliminate terrorism, rather in the desire to achieve peace and harmony.
Aishwarya Pandey – The student leader spoke passionately against terrorism and held the belief that this evil can only be defeated by a firm stance against it.
Kamlesh Prahlad Sonawne – The student leader came up with many concrete suggestion to defeat Naxalism by increasing employment opportunities as well as education for those ethnic groups that are susceptible to the Naxalite ideology. He further claims that these issues are due to a lack of resources and opportunities, things which can be easily amended.